If reactive arthritis becomes chronic, however, it may be necessary to use diseasemodifying antirheumatic drugs such as those used in rheumatoid arthritis. Reactive arthritis reiter syndrome statpearls ncbi bookshelf. In women, an infection in the vagina can spark the reaction. It is a disease predominantly of males between 15 and 35 years of age and is transmitted through either epidemic dysentery or sexual intercourse. May 02, 2018 reactive arthritis treatment treating any triggering infection. Treatment of reactive arthritis with infliximab request pdf. The early stage of reactive arthritis is considered acute early. In addition to joint inflammation, reactive arthritis.
Reactive arthritis is an acute spondyloarthropathy that often seems precipitated by an infection, usually gu or gi. Most people will make a full recovery within a year. Even the inhabitants of a capital have regular contact to. Patients who notice arthritis symptoms about a month after a bacterial infection should see a doctor right away to get a diagnosis. The bacteria that cause reactive arthritis are very common. Inflammation also can affect your eyes, skin and urethra. Reactive arthritis, formerly referred to as reiters syndrome, is a form of arthritis that affects the joints, eyes, urethra the tube that carries urine from the bladder to the outside of the. The goal of treatment is to manage your symptoms and treat an infection that could still be present. On the difficulties of establishing a consensus on the definition of and diagnostic investigations for reactive arthritis. Back pain and arthritis are the symptoms that most often come back.
Unlike septic arthritis, reactive arthritis isnt caused by an active infection within the joints. Treatment of reactive arthritis is directed toward the specific body areas inflamed or affected. This process may occur weeks or even months after the infection has resolved. The peripheral arthritis in reactive arthritis rea is usually an asymmetric. Reactive arthritis treatment depends on how quickly it is identified. Reactive arthritis information booklet versus arthritis. The type of treatment for reactive arthritis depends on the stage of reactive arthritis. Reactive arthritis diagnosis and treatment mayo clinic. Reactive arthritis is a condition that causes inflammation, pain and swelling of the joints.
A few patients will have longterm, severe arthritis that is hard to treat and may cause joint damage. Though it often goes away on its own, reactive arthritis can be prolonged and severe enough to require seeing a specialist. Reactive arthritis treatment treating any triggering infection. It is treated according to how far the disease has progressed. Most people with reactive arthritis will find that the condition disappears completely within 612 months. Dec 06, 2018 reactive arthritis rea, formerly known as reiter syndrome, is an autoimmune condition that develops in response to an infection. Mar 31, 2012 reactive arthritis is a type of infectious arthritis that occurs as a reaction to an infection elsewhere in the body. If the trigger is an infection of the urethra, a short course of antibiotics will usually be advised. Managing reactive arthritis rheumatology oxford academic. Effective treatments are available for reactive arthritis.
However this is a perfectly normal gene and there are many more people who have this gene and do not get reactive arthritis. Reactive arthritis shares the same symptoms as infectious arthritis. Reactive arthritis can affect the heels, toes, fingers, low back, and joints, especially of the knees or ankles. Rheumatoid arthritis is the most commonly diagnosed systemic inflammatory arthritis. This infection causes the misdirected immune system response.
To evaluate whether a three month course of lymecycline has an effect on the long term prognosis of reactive arthritis rea. Rea has been associated with gastrointestinal gi infections with shigella, salmonella, campylobacter, and other organisms, as well as with genitourinary gu infections especially with chlamydia trachomatis. Learn more from webmd about the causes, symptoms, and treatments for this disease. Your doctor will diagnose reactive arthritis from your symptoms and a physical examination.
Reactive arthritis american college of rheumatology. Reactive arthritis is diagnosed if you suddenly develop arthritis. Pdf at this time, reactive arthritis rea is considered to be part of the spectrum of the spondyloarthritis, previously known as reiters. The inflammatory arthritis that develops in some patients subsequent to urogenital infection by the obligate intracellular bacterial pathogen chlamydia trachomatis, and that induced subsequent to. Common manifestations include asymmetric arthritis of variable severity that tends to affect the lower extremities with sausageshaped deformities of fingers or toes or both, constitutional symptoms, enthesitis, tendinitis, and mucocutaneous ulcers, including hyperkeratotic or. Reactive arthritis triggered by a sexually transmitted infection is also referred to as sexually acquired reactive arthritis sara. However, none of the newer diagnostic or therapeutic. It usually develops after an infection, often in the bowel or genital areas. Treatment is aimed at symptomatic relief and preventing or halting further joint damage. Sometimes, reactive arthritis symptoms go away or are effectively treated with nsaids. Results and discussion of a questionnaire prepared for the 4 th international workshop on reactive arthritis.
For these reasons, the term reiters syndrome should be abandoned and the appropriate terminology for this condition is reactive arthritis regardless of whether the patients symptoms involve the three classic organ systems. Theroleof chlamydia and chlamydophila in reactive arthritis. Reactive arthritis this sheet has been written for people affected by reactive arthritis. May 02, 2019 reactive arthritis typically includes arthritis, eye inflammation conjunctivitis or uveitis and inflammation of the urethra urethritis. It is distinguished from other cases of reactive arthritis by the occurrence of arthritis, urethritis, and conjunctivitis. Reiter described a triad of urethritis, conjunctivitis, and arthritis in. Reactive arthritis, formerly called reiters syndrome, affects young, sexually active men.
If caught early, nsaids may be enough to decrease swelling and pain. Reactive arthritis is a type of infectious arthritis that occurs as a reaction to an infection elsewhere in the body. Reactive arthritis symptoms, treatment and causes patient. You cant pass your reactive arthritis on to someone else. Most commonly, a sexually transmitted infection or bacterial infection in the intestines triggers development. For early stage the inflammation can be treated with nonsteroidal anti. Doctors do not know why some people develop reactive arthritis and others do not. Oct 02, 2019 reactive arthritis usually targets your knees and the joints of your ankles and feet. Reactive arthritis is a type of arthritis that an infection in the body can trigger. Reactive arthritis is most common in people between the ages of 20 and 40, with a prevalence of about 0.
It provides general information to help you understand how you may be affected. Early diagnosis and treatment of reactive arthritis is key. A 36yearold male visited our center due to sudden pain in wrist joint, the 3rd finger, knee. However, some people develop only one or two of these. Reactive arthritis is often the result of an infection such as. Reactive arthritis genetic and rare diseases information. Reactive arthritis can occur at any age, however it tends to affect people mostly men aged between 20 and 50 years.
Key points symptoms cause diagnosis treatment selfmanagement where to get help how we can help more to explore download pdf. The authors report a case of reactive arthritis that was caused by sexual contact as below example. Infectious arthritis is sometimes mistaken for a different form of arthritis called reactive arthritis. Gut infections have often cleared on their own by the time the reactive arthritis. Women, smokers, and those with a family history of the disease are most often affected. The hlab27 genetic marker is commonly found in the blood. Additional causative pathogens, alternative terms, and diagnostic and therapeutic strategies for reactive arthritis. Immunological basis of chlamydia induced reactive arthritis.
Reactive arthritis musculoskeletal and connective tissue. Gut infections have often cleared on their own by the time the reactive arthritis develops. Patients with reactive arthritis show evidence of present or past chlamydial infection. For both men and women, it can start with bacteria passed on during sex. Reactive arthritis formerly known as reiter disease is usually associated with conjunctivitis and urethritis.
Reactive arthritis is a general term for a form of joint inflammation arthritis that develops as a reaction to an infection in another area of the body i. Antibiotic treatment and long term prognosis of reactive. Reactive arthritis rea, formerly known as reiter syndrome, is an autoimmune condition that develops in response to an infection. It is triggered by an infection, usually by a sexually. A small proportion of patients who present with clinical symptoms of urethritis or cervicitis later develop inflammatory arthritis and, for an unfortunate minority, this can be the beginning of a persistent and disabling disease. Reactive arthritis nord national organization for rare. However, for some people, symptoms may linger for a longer period of time or may come back. This sheet also covers how reactive arthritis usually resolves over time. If your reactive arthritis was triggered by a bacterial infection, your doctor might prescribe an antibiotic if there is evidence of persistent infection.
There is no single laboratory test for diagnosing reactive arthritis. Additional causative pathogens, alternative terms, and diagnostic and therapeutic strategies for reactive arthritis have subsequently been proposed. What are researchers learning about reactive arthritis. There are two main forms of reactive arthritis rea. Reactive arthritis is a rare condition that is easily missed in clinical practice because of the variability in its symptomatology and presentation. Reactive arthritis is a fairly common form of arthritis in children and usually goes away in about six weeks with proper treatment. Three month treatment of reactive arthritis with azithromycin. Combination antibiotics for the treatment of chlamydia. Systemic treatment of reactive arthritis can be done with nonsteroidal anti inflammatory drugs nsaids, corticosteroids, disease modifying agents. Patients who notice arthritis symptoms about a month after a bacterial infection should see. Mar 28, 20 reactive arthritis or reiters syndrome is a painful form of inflammatory arthritis that develops in reaction to an infection by bacteria or virus by the time the patient presents with symptoms, oftentimes the trigger infection has been cured or is in remission in chronic cases 4.
In the early, acute stage, nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs nsaids treat inflammation. However, you can pass along the bacteria that can trigger the disease. With reactive arthritis the inflammation of the joints is a reaction to an infection elsewhere in your body. Yet very few people with bacterial diarrhoea actually go on to have serious reactive arthritis.
A healthy but genetically predisposed individual develops it after a suitable triggering infection. Unlike other types of inflammatory arthritis, for many people reactive arthritis lasts a relatively short amount of time usually around three months to a year. Scientists are trying to find the causes of reactive arthritis. Further, the term reactive arthritis is a more descriptive term.
Another form of reactive arthritis starts with eating food or handling something that has bacteria on it. To determine the efficacy of weekly treatment with oral azithromycin for weeks on the severity and resolution of reactive arthritis rea. Reactive arthritis is a type of inflammatory arthritis that can be triggered by an infection somewhere in your body. Reactive arthritis can affect the joints, the spine, the eyes, urinary tract, mouth, colon, and heart. The true incidence of reactive arthritis is difficult. Reactive arthritis is a type of inflammatory arthritis. Most people with reactive arthritis will find that the condition disappears completely. Reactive arthritis tends to occur most often in men between the ages of 20 50.
Effective treatment is available for reactive arthritis. Your childs doctor will need to rule out other conditions that can mimic the symptoms of reactive arthritis before making a correct diagnosis of this condition. Chronic or severe disease occurs in some people, but there are. Urethritis is irritation of the urinary tract and is typically evident because of pain or white blood cells in the urine.
Chlamydia trachomatis ct is the major causative organism of the postvenereal type. Strong, outspoken and engaged volunteers will help us conquer arthritis. Sep 12, 2018 infectious arthritis, also called septic arthritis, is a severe type of joint inflammation caused by a bacteria or virus. Previously, reactive arthritis was sometimes called reiters syndrome, which was characterized by eye, urethra and joint inflammation. Reactive arthritis may be set off by an infection in the bladder or the urethra, which carries urine out of the body. Acute inflammation can be treated with nonsteroidal anti. Reactive arthritis is usually temporary, but treatment can help to relieve your symptoms and clear any underlying infection. Most commonly the initial infection has affected the digestive or the urogenital tract and the terms enteroarthritis or uroarthritis are used, respectively. Reactive arthritis an overview sciencedirect topics. If an infectious agent has been identified as a trigger for reactive arthritis, antimicrobial therapy. Reactive arthritis north carolina rheumatology association. Reactive arthritis is an uncommon disease that causes inflammation of the joints and, in many cases, other areas, particularly the urinary tract and eyes. Reactive arthritis causes, symptoms, treatments, and more. In 198788 a doubleblind controlled study with three month course of lymecyclineplacebo was conducted.
The arthritis foundation is focused on finding a cure and championing the fight against arthritis with lifechanging information, advocacy, science and community. Reactive arthritis in children is often referred to as reiters syndrome. Reactive arthritis symptoms, diagnosis and treatment bmj best. Most people will make a full recovery within a year, but a small number of people experience longterm joint problems. This illness is now termed reactive arthritis,1 rather than the older term, reiters disease. Prompt recognition and treatment can reduce progression to chronic arthritis.1056 875 67 501 799 286 228 1120 1604 710 400 726 955 1279 1559 934 865 1487 1407 493 23 889 764 1412 271 1398 1377 1480 230